Trades & Apprenticeship Resource


Arborist Follow up: Tree Stump Extraction Question

Nowadays learning practical skills when it comes to home improvement is a definite must, most of the services performed outdoors will cost hundreds of dollars if performed by professionals.

remove a stumpHowever, there are ways to reduce the cost of getting a tree stump removed. It really won’t be necessary to hire Tree stump removal services if you are able to learn how to do it on your own.

Most stump grinders can be rented, but they could be a bit expensive. The best thing to do is to learn manual tree stump removal.

After removing the tree stump it could be turned into a chair, a wooden sculpture or a chopping board. Trees are precious, and wood should be used for a good purpose, especially if the tree stump came from a century old tree.

Here’s How:

Once you have decided to go for manual tree stump removal, you need to prepare a mattock. The broad end would be the one used to dig around the stump; the other end will function as an ax for chopping through the roots.

The next step is to dig and chop your way under the root ball until the taproot, if it is a large tree stump, it would require a full-size ax.

There are certain instances when removing the tree stump would be hard to do, there are ways to make the process easier before using the ax.

Nitrogen and water could be used to hasten the process of tree stump removal, put them in the tree stump removal for several ways before embarking on the cutting path.

Make sure to drill holes a few inches deep into the stump in various places, the wider and deeper the hole, the better.

Fill the holes with water, and then put some fertilizers with nitrogen, this nitrogen could be in the form of cow manure. When using a commercial fertilizer make sure to get the highest NPK like a straight nitrogen fertilizer.

After that water the ground that surrounds the stump, cover it with a plastic tarp in order to retain the moisture. The moisture would be the one to make the tree stump removal process easier.

Wait for several weeks until it is able to get inside the ground, it will eventually be useful if you are in the process of removing the tree stump.

The Stump Extraction:

If the manual process of getting the stump removed is taking too long, there are products that could be used to hasten the process.

The stump remover is a product that was intended to break down the wood fibre of the stump, upon using it the stump can feel porous.

Once it is already porous, the stump will then be able to absorb kerosene; the tree stump after being filled up with kerosene could be burned.

This is one of the cheapest ways to remove the tree stump.

*** Always wear safety gloves when trying to do the processes mentioned above in order to avoid getting injuries. ***

Q and A Session for February 2014

Q: I am graduating from college (construction engineering), what are my options?

Let’s start with a recent anecdote of a student that recently wrote the carpenter’s test and is a college grad student with great chances of starting his apprenticeship. The company he worked for before joining the union was a position called “field engineer” — it is the position that everyone starts with. It is an assistant or superintendent-like role but you are in charge of surveying.

career fairWe have always recommended choosing a company with a job that allows you to gauge what construction technology and field work is all about — rather than sit in the office.

Q: What if I can’t find a job or even at the entry level?

I will say it twice, internship internship. And a third time, INTERNSHIP! There is no better way to gauge your level of interest in a position or field than interning at that job place. Also, it allows an employer to gauge their interest in you as an employee. Would they continue to employ you in the future? Can you apply knowledge gained from a pizza parlour or a tree service company? You decide. Are you passionate about this position? All of these questions can be answered before you dive into a full time placement.

Q: What are the other options of education or placements to better my chances?

The other routes are niches that workers select because they are inclined to work in a field that interests them the most, whether it be inland, on a boat or in a specific niche of construction like business, commercial, industry, or residential development. A recent student took on a job as a surveyor in Alaska to step outside of the box of familiarity and appreciate nature. He has updated us and stated that everything he has learned and done on a daily adjustment basis has been completely unique to the life he previously lived. This acquired knowledge and skill set, even the survival skills he is developing (there was apparently a wolf attack at camp) will harden and prepare Jason for any circumstance the city job site throws at him.

Q: What happened to your old site?

Our old site was taken down for many reasons: we are revamping our curriculum and online database of resources. We are still functional and around but some of our affiliates and resources have either disappeared, moved on or folded. The industry changes rapidly, and so does the online world, and we must keep up.

Q: When will your new site be up?

Our net site will be fully operational by mid-year. That is our target and our team is working hard to develop it through. All questions can be taken here.

Work Permits and Qualifications - xpost from Lowe & Co.

Canada lacks skilled tradespeople. Over the next decade, thousands of positions will open. The Foreign Worker and (new) Federal Skilled Trades Programs will allow construction workers, machine operators, mechanics, cooks and other tradespeople to work in and immigrate to Canada. Contact us to find out how!

Canada offers great opportunities for experienced tradespeople. With good wages, working conditions and the opportunity to obtain Permanent Resident status for your family, many tradespeople from around the world are relocating here.  Many tradespeople come to Canada with work permits first, which can be processed in 2 to 6 months. Then, while you are working, we can prepare and manage the permanent residence application for you and your family.

Work Permits

To obtain a permit to work in Canada, you usually need a job offer from a Canadian company. The employer will usually need to get a Labour Market Opinion (“LMO”), stating that there are no available Canadians to take the job. Once the employer has the LMO and you have a job offer, it usually takes between 1 to 4 months to process a work permit.

Spousal Work Permits and Children Study Permits

If you are working in Canada with a work permit, we may be able to apply for a work permit for your spouse or common law partner. We can also obtain study permits for your school age children, and in some cases, we can even obtain work permits for the children if they are under age 22.

Qualification Certificate

In order to obtain a Qualification Certificate from a province, you need to provide proof of your educational background and work experience. The issuing authority usually contacts your past employers to verify your experience and job duties, and once they are satisfied, you would be given an opportunity to challenge the examination for your trade.

English or French language

Language requirements under the Federal Skilled Trades Program will be less than those required under the Skilled Worker Program. Applicants will be expected to have at least Basic abilities in Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening to English or French, and will be required to take an English or French exam by an approved organization.



Lowe & Company is a Canadian Immigration and Business Law firm based in Vancouver, BC. Since 1990, they have helped clients from over 65 countries, including employers, skilled workers, business immigrants, skilled workers, and sponsored family members.

FAQ's Part Two (con't from the Department of Advanced Education and Skills)

12. Can I be a registered apprentice in more than one designated trade?

No. An individual can only be registered in one designated trade at any one time. In order to become registered in a second designated trade, an individual may cancel their current registration and request registration into another designated trade of their choice. Alternatively, an individual may complete one apprenticeship, become certified as a journeyperson, and then register as an apprentice in another designated trade.

13. If training is not offered in Newfoundland and Labrador for a particular designated occupation/trade and I need to travel to another province or territory to obtain advanced-level training, can funding be provided?

Yes. If an individual is employed in a designated occupation for which no advanced-level training is available in Newfoundland and Labrador, and that individual has been identified by the Department of Education as being eligible for such training, there are options available to individuals for training in other provinces and territories.

It should be noted however, that these situations are assessed by the Department of Education on an individual basis in conjunction with other agencies/organizations, where applicable. Please contact the nearest Industrial Training office for further information.

14. Can I become registered as a Newfoundland and Labrador apprentice if I am working in another province or territory?

No. If you are working in another province or territory, it is recommended that you register in that jurisdiction as an apprentice under their respective apprenticeship system.

If an individual was registered as an apprentice in Newfoundland and Labrador prior to obtaining short-term employment in another province or territory, work experience can be recognized by the Department of Education and credited toward his or her apprenticeship upon submission of supporting documentation.

It should be noted that these situations are assessed by the Department of Education on an individual basis. Please contact the nearest Industrial Training office for further information.

15. What courses are required for the completion of an apprenticeship?

Course requirements for an apprenticeship program of study are specified in the plans of training for each designated occupation, as developed and approved by the PACB. These course requirements include both technical courses and related courses.

16. What are the entrance requirements for apprenticeship?

Entry into an occupation as a registered apprentice requires indenturing into the occupation by an employer, who agrees to provide the appropriate training and work experiences as outlined in this plan of training.

Notwithstanding the above, each candidate must have successfully completed a high school program or equivalent and in addition may be required to have completed certain academic subjects as specified in particular plans of training. Mature students, at the discretion of the director of Institutional and Industrial Education, may be registered. A mature student is defined as one who has reached the age of 19 and who can demonstrate the ability and the interest to complete the requirements for certification.

At the discretion of the director of Institutional and Industrial Education, credit towards the apprenticeship program may be awarded to an apprentice for previous work experience and/or training as validated through prior learning assessment.

FAQ's About the Trades (by the Department of Advanced Skills)

1. What is apprenticeship?

Apprenticeship is an industry-based program involving an agreement between a person who wants to learn a set of occupational skills, an apprentice, and an employer who needs a skilled worker. Apprenticeship is a proven training system that combines on-the-job experiential learning with technical training to produce a qualified and certified journeyperson. Upon completion of the specified training period, the required number of hours work experience, and successfully passing a summative examination, apprentices receive a Certificate of Qualification. On average, approximately 80% of the apprenticeship term is spent in the workplace with the remainder enrolled at a training institution. Apprenticeship begins when an individual signs a Memorandum of Understanding with an employer, and continues until such time as the apprentice has completed all of the required technical training and has received the required industry experiences necessary to attempt the relevant Interprovincial or Provincial certification examination.

2. Who is an apprentice?

An apprentice is someone learning their trade on the job, under the supervision and direction of a certified journeyperson, with periods of technical training at a post-secondary institution, or someone working full time in an apprenticeable trade and registered as an apprentice with the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

3. How do you become an apprentice?

First, you must find a supporting employer who is prepared to hire you as an apprentice and then register as an apprentice with the Industrial Training section of the Department of Education.

4. What apprenticeable trades are offered in Newfoundland and Labrador?

Please visit our section on ‘Designated Trades‘ to find out what apprenticeable trades are offered in Newfoundland and Labrador.

5. Who is a journeyperson?

A journeyperson is someone who has met the requirements for writing the relevant interprovincial or provincial certification examination, has successfully passed the certification examination and has received a Certificate of Qualification for his/her trade.

6. What is Post-Journeyperson Training?

Post-journeyperson training is enhanced skills training provided outside of the Provincial Plan of Apprenticeship Training for persons who hold journeyperson certification. An individual is eligible for post-journeyperson training if he or she is a qualified journeyperson and has or is currently working in a designated trade. To apply for post-journeyperson training, an individual must contact training institutions for course availability and delivery dates or alternatively, be referred by training institutions, employers, or trade unions.

7. How long is an apprenticeship?

Apprenticeship training is a combination of on-the-job, and technical training. Each designated trade has a specific number of hours which must be completed in order to qualify for a Certificate of Qualification. The number of hours required in each designated trade is determined by industry and is incorporated into the Plan of Training for the trade. Apprenticeships can range from one to five years, depending on the trade, with the average apprenticeship lasting approximately four years.

8. What’s in an apprenticeship for you?

As an apprentice, you receive on-the-job training that offers an opportunity to earn a living while learning valuable skills that can lead to a rewarding and challenging career.

9. How do you choose a trade?

If you are interested in apprenticeship, it is important to look at all the possible trades you could learn. Review the pre-requisites for the trades that interest you and determine if your skills, interests and education match. Speak to employers and people working in specific trade areas that interest you to get first-hand information from the people who know the trade best. Additionally, discuss your choice with your family and/or high school or career counsellor and contact the nearest Industrial Training office for further information.

10. What is a designated occupation/trade?

Under the terms of the Canadian Constitution, each province and territory has the responsibility for apprenticeship training. Appropriate legislation permits each jurisdiction to designate occupations for apprenticeship. In Newfoundland and Labrador, there are 56 designated occupations. They are governed by provincial legislation under the Apprenticeship and Occupational Certification Act.


These well-answered FAQs were provided by the Labrador and Newfoundland’s Dept. of Advanced Skills and Education.

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